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Iron Maiden were formed on Christmas Day, 25 December 1975, by bassist Steve Harris shortly after he left his previous group, Smiler. Harris attributed the band's name to a film adaptation of The Man in the Iron Mask from the novel by Alexandre Dumas, the title of which reminded him of the iron maiden torture device. They originally had the name Ash Mountain, but most of the band members preferred the name Iron Maiden anyway, so that name was chosen shortly after the band formed. After months of rehearsal, Iron Maiden made their debut at St. Nicks Hall in Poplar on 1 May 1976, before taking up a semi-residency at the Cart and Horses Pub in Maryland, Stratford. A few decades later, the pub was officially named "The Birthplace of Iron Maiden" and turned into a music pub with many mementos of the band's early years as part of London's rock music history.
Iron Maiden is a mid-sized crescent shaped shawl inspired by wrought iron work. It rests securely on the shoulders, but also wraps easily around the neck. The delicate, airy quality makes this a great choice as a warm weather accessory or wedding shawl. The design requires one skein of fingering weight/sock yarn. I used Cephalopod, Skinny Bugga, a beloved fingering weight!
The iron maiden is a torture device widely believed to have been used in Europe during the Middle Ages. This notorious contraption is known by other names, such as the Virgin (a reference to the Virgin Mary), and Jungfer (German for spinster). The iron maiden is described as being a human-sized box laden with spikes on the inside. A victim would be forced inside the iron maiden and would be impaled by the spikes when the torture device was shut.
The earliest account that we have of the iron maiden dates to the 18th century and was written by the historian Johann Philipp Siebenkees. In a guide book to the German city of Nuremberg, the historian claimed that a criminal was executed using an iron maiden in 1515. Siebenkees also noted that the spikes inside the device were deliberately made in such a way that they were not long enough to kill him. Therefore, he continued suffering for two days before dying.
Grabianowski, E., 2008. 10 Medieval Torture Devices. [Online] Available at: -medieval-torture-devices7.htmKonieczny, P., 2016. Why Medieval Torture Devices are Not Medieval. [Online] Available at: -medieval-torture-devices-are-not-medieval/Marks, A., 2016. Victorian Con Men Faked the Middle Ages' Darkest Devices. [Online] Available at: _us/article/vvy8v3/the-middle-ages-darkest-tech-was-invented-by-victorian-con-menmedievalchronicles.com, 2019. Iron Maiden - Torture Device. [Online] Available at: -torture-devices/iron-maiden-torture-device/Milzarski, E., 2018. Why this iconic torture device isn't as 'fictional' as people think. [Online] Available at: -maiden-medieval-torturePappas, S., 2016. Are Iron Maidens Really Torture Devices?. [Online] Available at: -are-iron-maidens-torture-devices.htmlTorture Museum, 2015. The Nuremberg Virgin. [Online] Available at: -nuremberg-virgin/ 2b1af7f3a8